The grafts are fixed with Screws as shown in the image below .These screws could be made of Metal (Titanium) or the screws could be made of a special material and are dissolved by the body over a period of 2 years. The bioabsorbable screws are now used routinely and are not visible on Xrays.
Grafts can be obtained from several sources. Hamstring tendons at the back of the thigh are a commonest source of grafts as they tend to grow back with time and allow quickest recovery.The graft can also be taken from the patellar tendon, which runs between the kneecap and the shinbone. Sometimes a quadriceps tendon, which runs from the kneecap into the thigh, is used.
Surgery to rebuild an anterior cruciate ligament is done with an arthroscope using small incisions. Arthroscopic surgery is less invasive. The benefits of less invasive techniques include less pain from surgery, less time spent in the hospital, and quicker recovery time.
We use the latest technique of ACL reconstruction called the Anatomical Foot Print technique, as described Dr. Freddie Fu from USA. This allows quick recovery, high success rate of 98% and complete restoration of stability and power in the leg, allowing patients to resume high level sports after injury.