Dislocating your shoulder means your arm bone has popped out of its shoulder socket and the supporting tissues may have overstretched or torn.
The shoulder is one of the easiest joints to dislocate. This is because the top of the arm bone, which is shaped like a ball, sits in a very shallow socket. While this makes the arm extremely mobile and able to move in many directions, it also means that it's not very stable.
Most people dislocate their shoulder during a contact sport or in a sports-related accident. In older people the cause is usually falling onto outstretched hands, for example after slipping.
Most young people who have dislocated their shoulder will dislocate it a second time.
Generally, your chances of another dislocation depends partly on how well the ligaments and muscles surrounding the joint healed the first time. .
Treatment of recurrent shoulder dislocation
Very frequently, patient suffer multiple episodes of shoulder dislocation before thay seek specialized treatment
Surgery is usually necessary if the tissues surrounding the joint are badly torn and the joint is not stable on clinical examination. An MRI scan shows the extent of soft tissue injury and need for surgery. If the tissues are not torn but overstretched, surgery can be avoided by doing appropriate exercises to strengthen the shoulder.
We use key-hole(Arthroscopic) technique to perform surgery for most of our patients for shoulder dislocation. This leads a quick recovery, minimal pain, reduced hospital stay to just one day and allow complete movement after surgery.
However many patients, who have a bone defect or who are in contact sports need open surgery called Latarjet's procedure to treat shoulder dislocation. It has better results than key hole surgery in these patients.
You will be thoroughly examined and the MRI/CT scan images of the shoulder will be reviewed by Dr Jayant Arora , before most appropriate surgery will be decided for your problem.
Recovery after Shoulder Stabilisation Surgery.
You'll need to wear the sling for a few weeks, but it takes about 12 to 16 weeks to completely recover from a dislocated shoulder.
You can usually resume most activities within two weeks, but avoid heavy lifting and playing sports involving shoulder movements for six weeks to three months. Our physiotherapist will advise you on a regular basis after the surgery
There is a better chance of preventing the shoulder dislocating again if you regularly do the exercises your physiotherapist recommends and avoid awkward arm positions.